Vulnerability and Capacities Index

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Frequent environmental hazards from devastating earthquakes to periodic flooding have caused considerable loss of life and property in the Indus basin. Often, foreign relief is unevenly distributed and does not make it to those in desperate need.

Dr Daanish MustafaFor these reasons, Dr Daanish Mustafa is part of a DFID funded project developed to help operationalise disaster risk reduction in international development. He formulated the Vulnerability and Capacities Index (VCI) to assist with providing targeted development relief, as well as to undertake vulnerability mitigation oriented development programming. The tool is used by NGOs in Pakistan to undertake climate vulnerability assessments. The Social Policy and Development Centre (SPDC) used the VCI to conduct a study in the four districts of Sindh: Badin, Dadu, Thatta and Tharparkar.

  • The VCI provides a simple tool for development practitioners and policy-makers to assess vulnerability at the local scale.
  • The VCI defines and quantifies appropriate criteria for the three key dimensions of vulnerability, namely material (income, education), institutional (infrastructure, social capital), and attitudinal (sense of empowerment).
  • The VCI can be used to collect baseline information on vulnerability in a village or urban community for targeting specific interventions and limited resources at vulnerable households and, later, for monitoring impact of those interventions.

Click here for Daanish's Research Profile

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